Challenging Concepts in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Posted on 7/4/2022 by Pacific Oral and Facial Surgery Center
|Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) is sometimes called surgery of the mouth, face, and jaw. It includes surgical procedures performed on the face, teeth, jaws, or any structures within the oral cavity, salivary glands, and other related structures of the head, neck, and jaws. The goal of OMS is to diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, or defects affecting any part of the oral and maxillofacial region. These may include bones, gums and supporting tissues, muscles, nerve tissue, tongue, teeth, and supporting structures. Also, these surgeons operate on the skin and soft tissues of the face, lips, and oral mucosa, for aesthetic concerns or reconstructive purposes.
Complex Terms in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery That You May Not Know
Here are among the top-common terms in OMS that an individual lacking knowledge in the medical field may not know:
Facial trauma is any injury that affects one or more bones, soft tissue, or nerves in the face. This may include fractures, lacerations, abrasions, and avulsions. It may also involve damage to other structures, such as muscles or tendons. All these problems are managed in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
Dental implants are surgically placed in the jawbone and function as an anchor for replacement teeth. A titanium screw is inserted into the jawbone, which stimulates bone growth into its threads. After several months, the graft fuses with the implant, allowing a tooth or crown to be attached to it.
Orthognathic surgery describes a group of surgical procedures that correct irregularities in the jaw and face. These irregularities may be due to trauma or genetic factors, but they can also be caused by tooth crowding and malocclusion (when the upper and lower teeth don't meet properly).
TMJ disorders are problems involving the temporomandibular joint, or TMJ. The TMJ is the hinge that connects your lower jaw to your skull. If you have a TMJ disorder, it can cause pain and make it difficult to open and close your mouth.